All parents are familiar with visits to the pediatrician. In fact, it is recommended that the first visit is before the baby is one week old, since breastfeeding problems often arise during those days. During the following two months it is advisable to go to the pediatrician every 15 days and after that time and up to six months of age, the visits should be monthly, unless the pediatrician indicates otherwise.
Why are visits to the pediatrician so important?
The pediatrician usually performs a physical and psychomotor examination of the baby, to check that it is growing and developing as expected.
These visits to the pediatrician not only serve to detect possible problems, this specialist will also give very valuable advice to parents so that they can promote healthy lifestyle habits in their baby, recreate a developer environment at home and use early stimulation exercises.
If your baby had low birth weight, suffers from a genetic disorder or suffered from a problem in pregnancy such as hypoxia, your pediatrician will likely recommend that you see a developmental psychologist who will follow up to make sure that your little one’s brain follows a suitable ripening rhythm.
You should also take your baby to the psychologist if you notice that he is delayed in babbling or walking, he is irritable without being able to detect an obvious cause, he does not show interest in the environment or demands your attention or if you appreciate an involution in his development; that is, he loses some of the skills he had already acquired. This professional will be able to detect the cause and indicate the most appropriate psychological treatment.
During the first month of life, the pediatrician will look at the back of your baby’s eye to rule out problems such as infantile cataracts and will check his photomotor reflex.
Some warning signs that indicate that you should visit the ophthalmologist are: appreciating a whitish spot in the pupil, deviation of one eye, watery eyes or if the baby suffers from conjunctivitis frequently. If you do not notice any visual problems, you can schedule the first visit at 3 years of age, doing annual check-ups until at least 6 years of age.
Did you know that approximately 25% of children under 4 years of age already have cavities? Before, it was recommended to visit the dentist for the first time when children had all their milk teeth, but now it is advisable to move that visit forward when they reach their first birthday.
The main objective of that early visit to the dentist is to check for “bottle tooth decay” and to assess the possibility of problems such as crossbite. The dentist will take the opportunity to correct bad cleaning habits of the child and teach parents prevention measures that protect that first teething.
The nutritionist will provide you with healthy dietary guidelines to meet the demands of your child throughout their development . It can also treat problems such as childhood obesity or overweight, which affect 40% of children in Spain, and it can prescribe specific nutritional schemes that help alleviate the symptoms of certain diseases that the child suffers, such as asthma, diabetes or autism.